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Rezolúcia Bezpečnostnej rady OSN č. 1973 zo 17. marca 2011 (anglicky)

15. 5. 2011

United Nations S/RES/1973 (2011), Security Council, Distr.: General

17 March 2011

11-26839 (E)

*1126839*

 

Resolution 1973 (2011)

Adopted by the Security Council at its 6498th meeting, on 17 March 2011

The Security Council,

Recalling its resolution 1970 (2011) of 26 February 2011,

Deploring the failure of the Libyan authorities to comply with resolution 1970 (2011),

Expressing grave concern at the deteriorating situation, the escalation of violence, and the heavy civilian casualties, Reiterating the responsibility of the Libyan authorities to protect the Libyan population and reaffirming that parties to armed conflicts bear the primary responsibility to take all feasible steps to ensure the protection of civilians, Condemning the gross and systematic violation of human rights, including arbitrary detentions, enforced disappearances, torture and summary executions, Further condemning acts of violence and intimidation committed by the Libyan authorities against journalists, media professionals and associated personnel and urging these authorities to comply with their obligations under international humanitarian law as outlined in resolution 1738 (2006), Considering that the widespread and systematic attacks currently taking place in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya against the civilian population may amount to crimes against humanity,

Recalling paragraph 26 of resolution 1970 (2011) in which the Council expressed its readiness to consider taking additional appropriate measures, as necessary, to facilitate and support the return of humanitarian agencies and make available humanitarian and related assistance in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya,

Expressing its determination to ensure the protection of civilians and civilian populated areas and the rapid and unimpeded passage of humanitarian assistance and the safety of humanitarian personnel,

Recalling the condemnation by the League of Arab States, the African Union, and the Secretary General of the Organization of the Islamic Conference of the serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law that have been and are being committed in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya,

S/RES/1973 (2011) 11-26839 2

Taking note of the final communiqué of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference of 8 March 2011, and the communiqué of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union of 10 March 2011 which established an ad hoc High Level Committee on Libya,

Taking note also of the decision of the Council of the League of Arab States of 12 March 2011 to call for the imposition of a no-fly zone on Libyan military aviation, and to establish safe areas in places exposed to shelling as a precautionary measure that allows the protection of the Libyan people and foreign nationals residing in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya,

Taking note further of the Secretary-General’s call on 16 March 2011 for an immediate cease-fire,

Recalling its decision to refer the situation in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya since 15 February 2011 to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, and stressing that those responsible for or complicit in attacks targeting the civilian population, including aerial and naval attacks, must be held to account,

Reiterating its concern at the plight of refugees and foreign workers forced to flee the violence in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, welcoming the response of neighbouring States, in particular Tunisia and Egypt, to address the needs of those refugees and foreign workers, and calling on the international community to support those efforts,

Deploring the continuing use of mercenaries by the Libyan authorities, Considering that the establishment of a ban on all flights in the airspace of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya constitutes an important element for the protection of civilians as well as the safety of the delivery of humanitarian assistance and a decisive step for the cessation of hostilities in Libya, Expressing concern also for the safety of foreign nationals and their rights in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya,

Welcoming the appointment by the Secretary General of his Special Envoy to Libya, Mr. Abdel-Elah Mohamed Al-Khatib and supporting his efforts to find a sustainable and peaceful solution to the crisis in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya,

Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and national unity of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya,

Determining that the situation in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya continues to constitute a threat to international peace and security,

Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,

1. Demands the immediate establishment of a cease-fire and a complete end to violence and all attacks against, and abuses of, civilians;

2. Stresses the need to intensify efforts to find a solution to the crisis which responds to the legitimate demands of the Libyan people and notes the decisions of the Secretary-General to send his Special Envoy to Libya and of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union to send its ad hoc High Level Committee to Libya with the aim of facilitating dialogue to lead to the political reforms necessary to find a peaceful and sustainable solution;

S/RES/1973 (2011)

3 11-26839

3. Demands that the Libyan authorities comply with their obligations under

international law, including international humanitarian law, human rights and

refugee law and take all measures to protect civilians and meet their basic needs,

and to ensure the rapid and unimpeded passage of humanitarian assistance;

Protection of civilians

4. Authorizes Member States that have notified the Secretary-General,

acting nationally or through regional organizations or arrangements, and acting in

cooperation with the Secretary-General, to take all necessary measures,

notwithstanding paragraph 9 of resolution 1970 (2011), to protect civilians and

civilian populated areas under threat of attack in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya,

including Benghazi, while excluding a foreign occupation force of any form on any

part of Libyan territory, and requests the Member States concerned to inform the

Secretary-General immediately of the measures they take pursuant to the

authorization conferred by this paragraph which shall be immediately reported to

the Security Council;

5. Recognizes the important role of the League of Arab States in matters

relating to the maintenance of international peace and security in the region, and

bearing in mind Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations, requests the

Member States of the League of Arab States to cooperate with other Member States

in the implementation of paragraph 4;

No Fly Zone

6. Decides to establish a ban on all flights in the airspace of the Libyan

Arab Jamahiriya in order to help protect civilians;

7. Decides further that the ban imposed by paragraph 6 shall not apply to

flights whose sole purpose is humanitarian, such as delivering or facilitating the

delivery of assistance, including medical supplies, food, humanitarian workers and

related assistance, or evacuating foreign nationals from the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya,

nor shall it apply to flights authorised by paragraphs 4 or 8, nor other flights which

are deemed necessary by States acting under the authorisation conferred in

paragraph 8 to be for the benefit of the Libyan people, and that these flights shall be

coordinated with any mechanism established under paragraph 8;

8. Authorizes Member States that have notified the Secretary-General and

the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States, acting nationally or through

regional organizations or arrangements, to take all necessary measures to enforce

compliance with the ban on flights imposed by paragraph 6 above, as necessary, and

requests the States concerned in cooperation with the League of Arab States to

coordinate closely with the Secretary General on the measures they are taking to

implement this ban, including by establishing an appropriate mechanism for

implementing the provisions of paragraphs 6 and 7 above,

9. Calls upon all Member States, acting nationally or through regional

organizations or arrangements, to provide assistance, including any necessary overflight

approvals, for the purposes of implementing paragraphs 4, 6, 7 and 8 above;

10. Requests the Member States concerned to coordinate closely with each

other and the Secretary-General on the measures they are taking to implement

S/RES/1973 (2011)

11-26839 4

paragraphs 4, 6, 7 and 8 above, including practical measures for the monitoring and

approval of authorised humanitarian or evacuation flights;

11. Decides that the Member States concerned shall inform the Secretary-

General and the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States immediately of

measures taken in exercise of the authority conferred by paragraph 8 above,

including to supply a concept of operations;

12. Requests the Secretary-General to inform the Council immediately of any

actions taken by the Member States concerned in exercise of the authority conferred

by paragraph 8 above and to report to the Council within 7 days and every month

thereafter on the implementation of this resolution, including information on any

violations of the flight ban imposed by paragraph 6 above;

Enforcement of the arms embargo

13. Decides that paragraph 11 of resolution 1970 (2011) shall be replaced by

the following paragraph : “Calls upon all Member States, in particular States of the

region, acting nationally or through regional organisations or arrangements, in order

to ensure strict implementation of the arms embargo established by paragraphs 9 and

10 of resolution 1970 (2011), to inspect in their territory, including seaports and

airports, and on the high seas, vessels and aircraft bound to or from the Libyan Arab

Jamahiriya, if the State concerned has information that provides reasonable grounds

to believe that the cargo contains items the supply, sale, transfer or export of which

is prohibited by paragraphs 9 or 10 of resolution 1970 (2011) as modified by this

resolution, including the provision of armed mercenary personnel, calls upon all

flag States of such vessels and aircraft to cooperate with such inspections and

authorises Member States to use all measures commensurate to the specific

circumstances to carry out such inspections”;

14. Requests Member States which are taking action under paragraph 13

above on the high seas to coordinate closely with each other and the Secretary-

General and further requests the States concerned to inform the Secretary-General

and the Committee established pursuant to paragraph 24 of resolution 1970 (2011)

(“the Committee”) immediately of measures taken in the exercise of the authority

conferred by paragraph 13 above;

15. Requires any Member State whether acting nationally or through regional

organisations or arrangements, when it undertakes an inspection pursuant to

paragraph 13 above, to submit promptly an initial written report to the Committee

containing, in particular, explanation of the grounds for the inspection, the results of

such inspection, and whether or not cooperation was provided, and, if prohibited

items for transfer are found, further requires such Member States to submit to the

Committee, at a later stage, a subsequent written report containing relevant details

on the inspection, seizure, and disposal, and relevant details of the transfer,

including a description of the items, their origin and intended destination, if this

information is not in the initial report;

16. Deplores the continuing flows of mercenaries into the Libyan Arab

Jamahiriya and calls upon all Member States to comply strictly with their

obligations under paragraph 9 of resolution 1970 (2011) to prevent the provision of

armed mercenary personnel to the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya;

S/RES/1973 (2011)

5 11-26839

Ban on flights

17. Decides that all States shall deny permission to any aircraft registered in

the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya or owned or operated by Libyan nationals or companies

to take off from, land in or overfly their territory unless the particular flight has

been approved in advance by the Committee, or in the case of an emergency

landing;

18. Decides that all States shall deny permission to any aircraft to take off

from, land in or overfly their territory, if they have information that provides

reasonable grounds to believe that the aircraft contains items the supply, sale,

transfer, or export of which is prohibited by paragraphs 9 and 10 of resolution 1970

(2011) as modified by this resolution, including the provision of armed mercenary

personnel, except in the case of an emergency landing;

Asset freeze

19. Decides that the asset freeze imposed by paragraph 17, 19, 20 and 21 of

resolution 1970 (2011) shall apply to all funds, other financial assets and economic

resources which are on their territories, which are owned or controlled, directly or

indirectly, by the Libyan authorities, as designated by the Committee, or by

individuals or entities acting on their behalf or at their direction, or by entities

owned or controlled by them, as designated by the Committee, and decides further

that all States shall ensure that any funds, financial assets or economic resources are

prevented from being made available by their nationals or by any individuals or

entities within their territories, to or for the benefit of the Libyan authorities, as

designated by the Committee, or individuals or entities acting on their behalf or at

their direction, or entities owned or controlled by them, as designated by the

Committee, and directs the Committee to designate such Libyan authorities,

individuals or entities within 30 days of the date of the adoption of this resolution

and as appropriate thereafter;

20. Affirms its determination to ensure that assets frozen pursuant to

paragraph 17 of resolution 1970 (2011) shall, at a later stage, as soon as possible be

made available to and for the benefit of the people of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya;

21. Decides that all States shall require their nationals, persons subject to

their jurisdiction and firms incorporated in their territory or subject to their

jurisdiction to exercise vigilance when doing business with entities incorporated in

the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya or subject to its jurisdiction, and any individuals or

entities acting on their behalf or at their direction, and entities owned or controlled

by them, if the States have information that provides reasonable grounds to believe

that such business could contribute to violence and use of force against civilians;

Designations

22. Decides that the individuals listed in Annex I shall be subject to the

travel restrictions imposed in paragraphs 15 and 16 of resolution 1970 (2011), and

decides further that the individuals and entities listed in Annex II shall be subject to

the asset freeze imposed in paragraphs 17, 19, 20 and 21 of resolution 1970 (2011);

23. Decides that the measures specified in paragraphs 15, 16, 17, 19, 20 and

21 of resolution 1970 (2011) shall apply also to individuals and entities determined

by the Council or the Committee to have violated the provisions of resolution 1970

S/RES/1973 (2011)

11-26839 6

(2011), particularly paragraphs 9 and 10 thereof, or to have assisted others in doing

so;

Panel of Experts

24. Requests the Secretary-General to create for an initial period of one year,

in consultation with the Committee, a group of up to eight experts (“Panel of

Experts”), under the direction of the Committee to carry out the following tasks:

(a) Assist the Committee in carrying out its mandate as specified in

paragraph 24 of resolution 1970 (2011) and this resolution;

(b) Gather, examine and analyse information from States, relevant United

Nations bodies, regional organisations and other interested parties regarding the

implementation of the measures decided in resolution 1970 (2011) and this

resolution, in particular incidents of non-compliance;

(c) Make recommendations on actions the Council, or the Committee or

State, may consider to improve implementation of the relevant measures;

(d) Provide to the Council an interim report on its work no later than 90 days

after the Panel’s appointment, and a final report to the Council no later than 30 days

prior to the termination of its mandate with its findings and recommendations;

25. Urges all States, relevant United Nations bodies and other interested

parties, to cooperate fully with the Committee and the Panel of Experts, in particular

by supplying any information at their disposal on the implementation of the

measures decided in resolution 1970 (2011) and this resolution, in particular

incidents of non-compliance;

26. Decides that the mandate of the Committee as set out in paragraph 24 of

resolution 1970 (2011) shall also apply to the measures decided in this resolution;

27. Decides that all States, including the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, shall take

the necessary measures to ensure that no claim shall lie at the instance of the Libyan

authorities, or of any person or body in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, or of any

person claiming through or for the benefit of any such person or body, in connection

with any contract or other transaction where its performance was affected by reason

of the measures taken by the Security Council in resolution 1970 (2011), this

resolution and related resolutions;

28. Reaffirms its intention to keep the actions of the Libyan authorities under

continuous review and underlines its readiness to review at any time the measures

imposed by this resolution and resolution 1970 (2011), including by strengthening,

suspending or lifting those measures, as appropriate, based on compliance by the

Libyan authorities with this resolution and resolution 1970 (2011).

29. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

S/RES/1973 (2011)

7 11-26839

Libya: UNSCR proposed designations

Number Name Justification Identifiers

Annex I: Travel Ban

1 QUREN SALIH QUREN

AL QADHAFI

Libyan Ambassador to Chad. Has

left Chad for Sabha. Involved

directly in recruiting and

coordinating mercenaries for the

regime.

2 Colonel AMID HUSAIN

AL KUNI

Governor of Ghat (South Libya).

Directly involved in recruiting

mercenaries.

Number Name Justification Identifiers

Annex II: Asset Freeze

1 Dorda, Abu Zayd Umar Position: Director, External

Security Organisation

2 Jabir, Major General Abu

Bakr Yunis

Position: Defence Minister Title: Major General DOB: --/--/1952.

POB: Jalo, Libya

3 Matuq, Matuq

Mohammed

Position: Secretary for Utilities DOB: --/--/1956. POB: Khoms

4 Qadhafi, Mohammed

Muammar

Son of Muammar Qadhafi.

Closeness of association with

regime

DOB: --/--/1970. POB: Tripoli, Libya

5 Qadhafi, Saadi Commander Special Forces. Son

of Muammar Qadhafi. Closeness

of association with regime.

Command of military units

involved in repression of

demonstrations

DOB: 25/05/1973. POB: Tripoli, Libya

6 Qadhafi, Saif al-Arab Son of Muammar Qadhafi.

Closeness of association with

regime

DOB: --/--/1982. POB: Tripoli, Libya

7 Al-Senussi, Colonel

Abdullah

Position: Director Military

Intelligence

Title: Colonel DOB: --/--/1949.

POB: Sudan

Entities

1 Central Bank of Libya Under control of Muammar

Qadhafi and his family, and

potential source of funding for

his regime.

S/RES/1973 (2011)

11-26839 8

Number Name Justification Identifiers

2 Libyan Investment

Authority

Under control of Muammar

Qadhafi and his family, and

potential source of funding for

his regime.

a.k.a: Libyan Arab Foreign Investment

Company (LAFICO) Address: 1 Fateh

Tower Office, No 99 22nd Floor,

Borgaida Street, Tripoli, Libya, 1103

3 Libyan Foreign Bank Under control of Muammar

Qadhafi and his family and a

potential source of funding for

his regime.

4 Libyan Africa

Investment Portfolio

Under control of Muammar

Qadhafi and his family, and

potential source of funding for

his regime.

Address: Jamahiriya Street, LAP

Building, PO Box 91330, Tripoli, Libya

5 Libyan National Oil

Corporation

Under control of Muammar

Qadhafi and his family, and

potential source of funding for

his regime.

Address: Bashir Saadwi Street, Tripoli,

Tarabulus, Libya

 

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